A bivvy (short for bivouac) is a survival shelter which can help you survive if you get lost in the wild. You can live for days without water, weeks without food, but just hours in bad weather without shelter is very bad news.
People without the right gear can get HYPOTHERMIA: they get too cold to function properly, and can die. A bivvy shelter is one of the best ways to stop heat loss that might be caused by stink weather, poor clothing, exhaustion – or a horrible super-combo of the three. Check out this crazy clip from NZ TV where Lachlan decides to get hypothermia. DO NOT try Lachlan's experiment at home – that would be very bad.